Sustainable Environmental Livelihoods Farm, Fiji
Sustainable Environmental Livelihoods Farm, Fiji
Details
Commenced:
01/06/2008
Submitted:
07/12/2013
Last updated:
07/10/2015
Location:
Km 20 Sigatoka Valley Road (PO box 1368 Sigatoka), Sigatoka , FJ
Phone:
(679) 938-6437
Website:
www.facebook.com/teiteifarmstay
Climate zone:
Wet/Dry Tropical





Followers
Craig Arnett Dominique Chanovre Helder Valente Jesse Leavitt John Clarke Kat Gawlik Mark Mathieson Natalie Gock Robin  Temple Tom Kendall Win Almazan
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Sustainable Environmental Livelihoods Farm, Fiji

Project Type

Rural, Commercial, Community, Philanthropic aid, Demonstration, Educational

Project Summary

Our focus is to develop, implement, and demonstrate sustainable livelihoods through permaculture and sustainable farming, caring for the land and for rural communities. Our goal is to trial permaculture species and techniques and to learn as much as we can from others and through doing, and then to inspire others to use the knowledge for their own benefit. We strive to include the surrounding communities and poor rural farmers of both native Fijian and Indian descent, as well as to link lessons learned with the global permaculture community.

Project Description

Located on 35 acres, SELF contains all land types of the Sigatoka valley area and western part of Fiji:  swampy floodplain, well drained sandy loam soils, dense clay soils, and from flat to steep hillsides, with both dry north-facing and wet south -facing slopes.

We have learned which permaculture crops do best on which soils, and which areas lend themselves to seasonal gardening during our cooler/drier winter (May-September).  We have converted former rice fields into productive native "duruka" fields of seven vareties intercropped with coconut palms on ridges of soil above the water table.  Duruka is a wonderful tasty perrenial grass that looks like sugar cane but that is eaten for it's nutritious flower.  As the coconut trees grow, taro and bananas will be added to the system, as well as penned goats to keep the weeds down.  Bananas are planted in between the coconuts on the drained ridges and taro is planted in the wet soils under the shade produced by the coconut trees and bananas.  All tree rows are oriented East-West to prevent them shading other understory and partial shade crops.

We discovered some traditional knowledge from an elderly man who has now passed on- how to make terraces on very steep land using a pair of oxen or horses.  Each 1.5m terrace has a swale on the uphill side so they become self-irrigating during dry season.  We have been able to grow crops normaly associated with the wet side of this island, like ginger without any irrigation.  We are now planting citrus and sandalwood on every fourth terrace, with ginger in between, and as the trees grow we plan on planting coffee and cocoa in between them.   

We have learnt that when cassava is planted, that the local generations old traditional corn grows well as a companion crop, with peanuts planted on the sides as well!  Corn and peanuts are harvested at 3 months, with the cassava harvested at 9-12 months. Again, all rowed plantings are east to west, to allow the inclusion of tree species into the fields without interfering with sunlight penetration.  Rows of coconut trees planted ten meters apart and with nitrogen fixing rain trees on the borders that shower nitrogen-rich leaves into the fields.

We are having great results with our first Cashew and Macadamia nut trees, and we are using the seeds to produce a larger nursery.    

Our Happy Chicken Project focuses on humane poultry production and replacing imported chicken food with locally made alternatives.  We have discovered that adding pawpaw leaves and fruit to the diet of chickens and livestock helps them get more protein out of their food.  Primary protein sources for our chickens and tilapia ponds are morniga and "bele" edible Pacific hibiscus (19% proten when dried).  Our tilapia and duck ponds are also very successful, as is our virgin coconut oil production- with the waste coconut going to the chooks- combined with corn it makse a complete protein (coconut is deficient in lysine, which corn is rich in).

We have accomodation that can sleep 10-15 and we plan to host trainings in the future.  Volunteers are welcome as long as you cover your costs plus a bit, and we have registered the farm to keep it legal for such purpses as the "Teitei home stay"  which is on Facebook.  Teitei means farm or plantation in Fijian.

 

Updates

Using Pawpaw (Papaya) to Greatly Accelerate Compost Formation

Try this! Papaya accelerates the decomposition process and compost formation- AMAZING I found this out myself by accident

Posted almost 4 years ago (0 comments)

Terracing Steep Land Using Horses and Bullocks.

In Fiji I learned from an old Indofijian farmer how to terrace the Land- with a wonderful outcome! And without any machines.

Posted almost 4 years ago (2 comments)
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Rural Commercial Community Aid Demonstration Educational
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