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Mountain Steep Permaculture - Permacultura em Declive de Montanha
Mountain Steep Permaculture - Permacultura em Declive de Montanha
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Chão Sobral, Aldeia das Dez - OHP - Coimbra, PT
Climate zone:
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October Fruit Harvest - Tree Crops

Project: Mountain Steep Permaculture - Permacultura em Declive de Montanha

Posted by João Gonçalves about 11 years ago

fruits for every meal

October fruits for every meal.

All pictures by Joao G.

Pic. 1 - Castanea sativa, the "laughing yield" - because it is as if it is opening its mouth and showing its teeth ... Chest Nut - The Noble Tree, probably the King of the mountain ...

We do not grow fruits for the market, almost 100% are eaten fresh.

Many of them (rasberries, cherries, peach peels, Arbutus unedo berry, chestnut) are used to give flavour to our home made spirit (from fermented arbutus berries), and produce a variety of sweet liqueurs.

Many trees are located in the gardening anually tilled area (terraces) where vegetables and legumes are grown as annual crops. Some trees are grown in soils that are not being tilled anymore, kept for goat pasture or forage . Almost all trees are watered during the summer (once every 1 or 2 weeks).

The grapes were harvested last saturday (early-mid October) by family and relatives (for making wine), but we kept some of the sweetest ones on the vines for whenever we happen to walk them by ...

Many times, for some people, fruit is the only thing they eat earlier in the morning, as they walk past the trees ...

Apples are plenty for all meals everyday, and for the goats. Some of them will be stored and last, be eaten, through the winter.

Raspberries, they are offering us a second yield, now that we had some rain and we can water them more.

Figs, 4 different kinds and in different microclimates, plenty. Some trees started, a few years ago, by cuttings are now giving their first dozens.



Pears, our tree has a "overloaded" generous yield, goats have been eating the ones not ripe that have been falling for the last few weeks.



Planted a few months ago, this Opuntia yields its first fruit.


Peaches, our new young tree fruit is only now slowly turning ripe.

Arbutus unedo berries, the first ripe ones have just started falling from the trees.

Chest nut, Castanea sativa, we got the first handful today. We have one tree, more than 200 years old(partly colapsing, and a young one growing already inside it), that we care for just about 2 hours per year, cutting ferns and bramble underneath the canopy, and get a harvest of about 50-100 kilos per year.

Plums, the one tree located in the association "tree sanctuary" is late ripe variety, delicious. Many people now here in the village want a new tree like this one ...

Blackberries, wild, almost everywhere, they were sweeter before the rain ... quite a few were used to make liqueur.

Walnuts, we will be collecting them soon, we have been hand cleaning the ground from litter dry biomass from herbaceous plants and brambles that grow every year under and on the edge of the canopy.

Persimons, the goats have been eating the falling ones that turn ripe after a few days off the tree. Below the first ones that we will eat. 



Next fruit, to ripe later in the year, are persimons, tangerines and kiwis.

Tangerines very green.


Kiwis, nearly ripe:



Arbutus berries harvest is starting now and will last through December, and olives will be harvested later in December too.


Arbutus unedo berries ripening from October until December.




We will be eating a lot of tangerines (pic. above, not ripe) through the winter and we will be waiting for the loquat, cherries, apricots, raspberries, muleberries and plums again.

To be continued (with more pictures).

Comments (4)

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Ute Bohnsack
Ute Bohnsack : Sounds divine. I wish I could grow such an large range of different fruit. If you let the goats eat fallen fruit, how do you stop them from eating the trees? Or do you bring them the fallen fruit?
Posted about 11 years ago

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João Gonçalves
João Gonçalves : Hi Ute, thanks for the comment. Yes, I am reminded of that divine feeling often, the cycle of Nature's way accepting our work and yielding food for those who are willing to pick. Yes, the goats love to eat the fruit tree leaves, some times the bark too. At the moment we bring to them the nearly falling vines leaves. We always bring the fallen fruit to the goats. Usually we cut the pears, apples and oranges (and other bigger solid fruits) in half so they can easily start chewing them, except for some soft ripe persimons for instance. Goats and sheep in the village are "fertilizer/manure makers", for many reasons we bring most, or quite a lot, of the food (dry and fresh, brown and green, forage) to the goats, to increased the amount of trampled and manured biomass, that I will have to explain in another post.
Posted about 11 years ago

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Ute Bohnsack
Ute Bohnsack : Thanks for your reply João. I agree, goats (and sheep) are very good at utilizing vegetation that we can not eat and when they are in their stable at night they dump a lot of that fertility as 'brown manure', thus concentrating it nearer the homestead ready to be used for growing vegetables etc. We bring our goats a lot of cut willow and such. They eat the leaves and small branches and peel off the bark (which is full of minerals and possibly a natural anthelminthic). What's left gets shredded or used for firewood, depending on diameter.
Posted about 11 years ago

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Axel Wendt
Axel Wendt : Wow what a bountiful harvest!!! I wish I could come visit you and help you pick some next year, seems amazing, keep up the good work :)
Posted almost 11 years ago

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