In a recent class in Complex Adaptive Systems, I wanted to find a new way to relate the effects of diversity models on insect patterns and the resulting plant benefits.
Diversity Affecting the Fitness Landscape for Insects, A Complex Adaptive System
a recent class in Complex Adaptive Systems, I wanted to find a new way
to relate the effects of diversity models on insect patterns and the
resulting plant benefits. We need high access for efficient harvesting,
but that flattens the fitness landscape for insect pests. If we have K
(Diversity) too high, the harvest, mechanical or human stresses our
fitness. My models here are showing the variations in planting methods
that affect the insect fitness for better integrated pest management.
The third column K would vary greatly depending on beneficial insect habitat species used in the same pattern. Likely without loss of yield.
The top row represents the patterns used in gardens and a value for K relative to C.
Low K (Monoculture) Low K (Interplanted) High K (Diverse Species)
K being the Complexity or Diversity and C being coupling or proximity.
The bottom row shows insect patterns due to the above pattern. Breaks in
the continuity add stress and opportunity for predation.
Insect species compete as the fitness landscape becomes rugged.
High C (Proximity) Lower C (Intermittent) Low C (Dispersed)
Low K (Flat, Monoculture) Low K (Fractured) High K (Stresser Areas)
High C (Immediate Access) Low C (Less Access) Low C (Fractured Availablity)
flat fitness landscape of the monoculture (first column) allows insect
pests to flourish unabated with no fitness challenge. This also lowers
insect species competition with limited habitat. Interplanted areas
(second column) add stress and increase mortality by requiring higher
fitness. The landscape offers fewer resources for propagation. Column
three adds further plant diversity creating broad areas of predation and
again requiring higher fitness to survive with fewer resources. In the
final case, there is less yield from each species of plant, yet the
individual plant’s yield higher and the diverse cropping provides a
higher yield in aggregate of all species
Where: Sp = Kp/Ki
K is Diversity (species) Si = Ki/Kp
C is species proximity (coupling)
S is stress p is plant
Y is yield i is insect
Sp = Kp/Ki
Si = Kp/Cp
This is an observation model, not a proven hypothesis tested in a controlled environment.
Please reference SouthWoods Permaculture and Dan Halsey
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