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Daniel Halsey 's Profile
Daniel Halsey
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Global, Traveler, United States
Climate Zone:
Cold Temperate
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Minneapolis, US

Molokai Restoration

Molokai Restoration

Kunakakai, US


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vegarden Ti Lorien, Haiti Quail Springs Permaculture Sailchearnach Mesquite Meadows Jubilee Fruits & Vegetables Farm PRI Tap o' Noth Farm, Aberdeenshire, Scotland The Permaculture Research Institute of Hellas (Greece) The Centre for Urban Agriculture in Alberta RT Permaculture Forever Productive Forest Milkwood Inspiration Farm
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Conference on Climate Adaptation Science Museum of Minnesota, St. Paul

Posted by Daniel Halsey about 10 years ago

250 people showed up for the conference. It was great information from an ecological standpoint. Horrific for the uninitiated.

One of the speakers was Lee Frelich,  who has written extensively about climate change and strategies. The 3 strategies are resilience, resistance, or facilitation. Resilience means you put in plants that have a broad niche requirement. They can handle hot weather in freezing weather, drought and inundated soils. The list is pretty short. Many of what are called the "junkyard dog" plants are those that are resilient.

Two are Silver Maple, Acer saccharinum


and Box Elder, Acer negundo.


 Over the next 60 years as our beautiful boreal and deciduous forests will turn into Prairie, we are going to have to replace the Sugar Maples with Black Maple from Iowa or lower latitudes.  Gary Johanson, one of the forestery experts from the University of Minnesota, stated that we should not be planting sugar maples or any of the usual maple trees sold in the nurseries. They are all going to die from stress. We have an infestation of emerald ash borer that is killing all our ash trees, but that pales to the number of Maple trees dying from climate stress. Silently they are being dehydrated and unable to make up for the high temperatures during the day with cool nights. The nighttime temperatures are rising to a point where the trees cannot evapotranspire and take up water. Over time the leaves die and with repeated seasons of drought and high temps, so will the tree.

 Climate change is now an outdated term. It is changing and not like putting on a different shirt. We have no clue where this is going, how extreme is going to be, or how our ecological systems will respond. We can only generally predict the outcomes. Our winter snows may likely transition into winter rains. Repeated freeze and thaw periods during the winter will not only ruin the roads but also damage roots and cause plants to have untimely budding.  Dewpoints will rise in the summer and cause extreme weather events. Days of heat exceeding 100°F could be followed by intense thunderstorms, only to have the precipitation dried up within days, returning to drought conditions.

One thing that was missing in all the presentations that I was looking for was Sun light.  the one speaker from big Ag  talked about having extended growing seasons. Somehow people think that warmer temperatures are going to mean we can grow crops long into the winter and earlier into the spring. No one seems to remember that we are on the 45 latitude. Although we have 15 hours of sunlight in June with 1163W/m2 of solar energy, the days get awfully short in November December and January, nearing 10 hours. But even worse the intensity of the sunlight is almost half of what it is in June. So not only are the days shorter by a third,  the intensity of the light is cut to less than half. That is not enough light to grow food and as Eliot Coleman will tell you, most of the plants go dormant.


My designer friends and I are still trying top get a hold on this new paradigm. Designing plant systems for a climate we do not know, for extremes we can only suspect, in a world that may be in chaos.


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My Badges
Consultant Aid worker PRI PDC Teacher I'm male, single, and looking for a permaculture partner
My Permaculture Qualifications
Cold Climate PDC
Type: Permaculture Design Certificate (PDC) course
Verifying teacher: Paula Westmoreland
Other Teachers: Guy Trombley, Bruce Blair
Location: Minnesota
Date: Jan 2007
Other course verified
Teaching Permaculture Creativiely
Type: Teacher Training
Verifying teacher: Dave Jacke
Other Teachers: Ethan Roland
Location: Sandstone, Minnesota
Date: Apr 2010
Other course verified
Permaculture Teacher Training
Type: Teacher Training
Verifying teacher: Bill Wilson
Other Teachers: Wayne Weiseman
Location: Stelle, IL
Date: Aug 2011
Other course unverified
The Soil Resource, Soil Science
Type: Soil Biology/Compost
Teacher: Dr. Terry Cooper
Location: University of Minnesota
Date: Aug 2007
Other course verified
Forest Ecology
Type: Other
Teacher: Rebecca Montgomery
Location: University of Minnesota
Date: Jan 2007
Other course verified
Orcard Swale Catchment Workshop
Type: Earthworks
Verifying teacher: Geoff Lawton
Other Teachers: Guy Trombley, Paula Westmoreland
Location: Prior Lake, MN, USA
Date: Jun 2006
Other course verified
Edible Forest Gardens Short Workshop
Type: Other
Teacher: Dave Jacke
Location: PRI, Cold Climate, University of Minnesota
Date: Feb 2007
Other course unverified
Master of Professional Studies in Horticulture
Type: Other
Teacher: Dr. Tom Michaels
Location: University of Minnesota
Date: Oct 2010
Other course unverified
Bachelors of Science, Temperate Climate Polyculture Deign
Type: Other
Teacher: Nick Jordan
Location: University of Minnesota, USA
Date: Sep 2008
Other course verified
Grey Water Systems with Brad Lancaster
Type: Other
Verifying teacher: Brad Lancaster
Other Teachers: Wayne Weiseman
Location: Kinstone Acedemy of Applied Permaculture
Date: Jan 2014
Other course unverified
Restoration Agriculture
Type: Earthworks
Teacher: Mark Shepard
Location: Harmony Park, MN
Date: Sep 2014
1 PDC Graduates (list)
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9 Other Course Graduates (list)
have acknowledged being taught by Daniel Halsey
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Climate Zones
Daniel Halsey has permaculture experience in:
Cold Temperate
Cool Temperate
Warm Temperate
Sub tropical
Wet/Dry Tropical
Wet Tropical
Dry Tropical
Semi Arid
Cold Desert

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